the basis of the sacred and fundamental desires of the people, workers,
peasants, and other labourers as well as those of the fighters and cadres of the
Kampuchean Revolutionary Army; and
a significant role has been played by the people, especially the workers, poor
peasants, the lower middle peasantry, and other strata of labourers in the
countryside and cities, who account for more than ninety-five percent of the
entire Kampuchean nation, who assumed the heaviest responsibility in waging the
war for the liberation of the nation and the people, made the greatest
sacrifices in terms of life, property, and commitment, served the front line
relentlessly, and unhesitatingly sacrificed their children and husbands by the
thousands for the fight on the battlefield;
great sacrifices have been borne by the three categories of the Kampuchean
Revolutionary Army who fought valiantly, day and night, in the dry and rainy
season, underwent all sorts of hardship and misery, shortages of food, medicine,
clothing, ammunition, and other commodities in the great war for the liberation
of the nation and the people;
the entire Kampuchean people and the entire Kampuchean Revolutionary Army desire
an independent, unified, peaceful, neutral, non-aligned, sovereign Kampuchea
enjoying territorial integrity, a national society informed by genuine
happiness, equality, justice, and democracy without rich or poor and without
exploiters or exploited, a society in which all live harmoniously in great
national solidarity and join forces to do manual labour together and increase
production for the construction and defence of the country;
whereas the resolution of the Special National Congress held on 25, 26 and 27
April 1975 solemnly proclaimed recognition and respect for the above desires of
the entire people and the entire Kampuchean Revolutionary Army;
Constitution of Kampuchea states:
The State of Kampuchea is an independent, unified, peaceful, neutral,
non-aligned, sovereign, and democratic State enjoying territorial integrity.
State of Kampuchea is a State of the people, workers, peasants, and all other
official name of the State of Kampuchea is "Democratic Kampuchea".
All important general means of production are the collective property of the
people's State and the common property of the people's collectives.
for everyday use remains in private hands.
The culture of Democratic Kampuchea has a national, popular, forward-looking,
and healthful character such as will serve the tasks of defending and building
Kampuchea into an ever more prosperous country.
new culture is absolutely opposed to the corrupt, reactionary culture of the
various oppressive classes and that of colonialism and imperialism in Kampuchea.
Principle of Leadership and Work
Democratic Kampuchea applies the collective principle in leadership and work.
Legislative power is invested in the representative assembly of the people,
workers, peasants, and all other Kampuchean labourers.
Assembly shall be officially known as the "Kampuchean People's
Kampuchean People's Representative Assembly shall be made up of 250 members,
representing the people, the workers, peasants, and all other Kampuchean
labourers and the Kampuchean Revolutionary Army. Of these 250, there shall be:
the peasants 150
the labourers and other working people 50
the revolutionary army 50
The members of the Kampuchean People's Representative Assembly are to be elected
by the people through direct and prompt general elections by secret ballot to be
held throughout the country every five years.
The People's Representative Assembly is responsible for legislation and for
defining the various domestic and foreign policies of Democratic Kampuchea.
The administration is a body responsible for executing the laws and political
lines of the Kampuchean People's Representative Assembly.
administration is elected by the Kampuchean People's Representative Assembly and
must be fully responsible to the Kampuchean People's Representative Assembly for
all its activities inside and outside the country.
Justice is administered by people's courts, representing and defending the
people's justice, defending the democratic rights and liberties of the people,
and condemning any activities directed against the people's State or violating
the laws of the people's State.
judges at all levels will be chosen and appointed by the People's Representative
Actions violating the laws of the people's State are as follows:
activities in opposition to the people's State must be condemned to the highest
cases are subject to constructive re-education in the framework of the State's
or people's organisations.
Democratic Kampuchea has a State Presidium chosen and appointed by the
Kampuchean People's Representative Assembly once every five years.
State Presidium is responsible for representing the State of Democratic
Kampuchea inside and outside the country in keeping with the Constitution of
Democratic Kampuchea and with the laws and political lines of the Kampuchean
People's Representative Assembly.
State Presidium is composed as follows: a president, a first vice-president, and
a second vice-president.
Rights and Duties of the Individual
Every citizen of Kampuchea enjoys full rights to a constantly improving
material, spiritual, and cultural life.
citizen of Democratic Kampuchea is guaranteed a living.
workers are the masters of their factories.
peasants are the masters of the rice paddies and fields.
other labourers have the right to work.
is absolutely no unemployment in Democratic Kampuchea.
must be complete equality among all Kampuchean people in an equal, just,
democratic, harmonious, and happy society within the great national solidarity
for defending and building the country together.
and women are fully equal in every respect.
is the duty of all to defend and build the country together in accordance with
individual ability and potential.
capital city of Democratic Kampuchea is Phnom Penh.
design and significance of the Kampuchean national flag are as follows:
background is red, with a yellow three-towered temple in the middle.
red background symbolises the revolutionary movement, the resolute and valiant
struggle of the Kampuchean people for the liberation, defence, and construction
of their country.
yellow temple symbolises the national traditions of the Kampuchean people, who
are defending and building the country to make it ever more prosperous.
17 The national emblem consists of a
network of dikes and canals, which symbolise modern agriculture, and factories,
which symbolise industry. These are framed by an oval garland of rice ears, with
the inscription "Democratic Kampuchea" at the bottom.
national anthem of Democratic Kampuchea is the "Dap Prampi Mesa Chokchey"
["Glorious Seventeenth of April"].
Kampuchean Revolutionary Army
three categories of the Kampuchean Revolutionary Army?regular, regional, and
guerrilla?form an army of the people made up of men and women fighters and
cadres who are the children of the labourers, peasants, and other Kampuchean
working people. They defend the State power of the Kampuchean people and of
independent, unified, peaceful, neutral, non-aligned, sovereign, and democratic
Kampuchea, which enjoys territorial integrity, and at the same time they help to
build a country growing more prosperous every day to improve and develop the
people's standard of living.
citizen of Kampuchea has the right to worship according to any religion and the
right not to worship according to any religion.
religions which are detrimental to Democratic Kampuchea and Kampuchean people
are absolutely forbidden.
Democratic Kampuchea fervently and earnestly desires to maintain close and
friendly relations with all countries sharing a common border and with all those
near and distant throughout the world in conformity with the principles of
mutual and absolute respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity.
Kampuchea adheres to a policy of independence, peace, neutrality and
non-alignment. It will permit absolutely no foreign country to maintain military
bases on its territory and is resolutely opposed to all forms of outside
interference in its internal affairs, and to all forms of subversion and
aggression against Democratic Kampuchea from outside, whether military,
political, cultural, social, diplomatic, or humanitarian.
Kampuchea refuses all intervention in the domestic affairs of other countries,
and scrupulously respects the principle that every country is sovereign and
entitled to manage and decide its own affairs without outside interference.
Kampuchea remains absolutely within the great family of non-aligned nations.
Democratic Kampuchea strives to promote solidarity with the peoples of the Third World in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and with peace- and justice-loving people the world over, and to contribute most actively to mutual aid and support in the struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, and in favour of independence, peace, friendship, democracy, justice, and progress in the world.